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Table 8 Collaboration between physicians and nurses

From: An overview of systematic reviews on the collaboration between physicians and nurses and the impact on patient outcomes: what can we learn in primary care?

Authors Collaboration
1. Allen et al. Collaboration between a general practitioner and a primary care nurse in transitional care.
Collaboration between an advanced practice nurse and a physician during the discharge plan.
2. Aubin et al. Interdisciplinary team models of care for patients with cancer.
These interventions used organizational strategies such as staff organization and the creation of teams of healthcare professionals working together to care for patients.
These interventions also used local consensus processes, formal integration of services, arrangement for follow- up, coordination of assessment and treatment, and implementation of follow- up care plans.
The interdisciplinary treatment team included: medical oncology, social work, occupational therapy, nursing, nutrition and dietetics and pastoral care.
3. Health Quality Ontario 2013. Nurses/nurse practitioners/registered nurses and physicians working in a partnership. Nurses who worked in this collaboration could have been substituting or supplementing aspects of physician care.
4. Health Quality Ontario 2014. An end- of- life care team contained at least a medical doctor and a registered nurse.
Other possible team members:
- social worker
- spiritual advisor
- nutritionist
- geriatrician
- pharmacist
- dietician
Team services included:
- symptom management
- psychosocial care
- development of patient care plans
- end- of- life care planning
- coordination of care
5. Martin et al. Inter- professional collaboration in the care for elderly with (chronic) diseases.
Collaboration between at least (advanced practice) nurses and (primary care) physicians. Other care providers:
- social worker
- physio- occupational therapist
- pharmacist
- psychiatrist
- …
6. Newhouse et al. Advanced practice registered nurses (APRN)/ clinical nurse specialists delivered care in collaboration with physicians.
7. Renders et al. The multidisciplinary team was led by a nurse educator.
There was a joint general practitioner- nurse review system in combination with arrangements for follow up.
8. Shaw et al. Collaboration according to nurse- managed protocols in the care for adults with elevated cardiovascular risk.
9. Smith et al. APRN and Practice Assistants (PAs) provided cancer screening and prevention recommendations in collaboration with physicians.
10. Snaterse et al. Multidisciplinary consultation for patients with coronary heart diseases.
Collaboration between nurses and general practitioners or cardiologists.
The following strategies were used:
- Risk factor management.
- Multidisciplinary consultation.
- Shared decision- making.
11. Stalpers et al. Collaborative nurse- physician relationships in the care for hospitalized patients.
  1. Table 8 presents an overview of the interpretation of collaboration between physicians and nurses (and other health care providers) within the eleven included systematic reviews