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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression of factors influencing patient dissatisfaction with the diagnostic pathway of Parkinson’s disease

From: The diagnostic pathway of Parkinson’s disease: a cross-sectional survey study of factors influencing patient dissatisfaction

Variable (n = 856)b Odds ratio (OR) for dissatisfaction 95% Confidence Interval (CI) P value
Sex 0.12
 Male Reference   
 Female 1.50 0.9–2.5 0.12
Level of education 0.02*
 Low Reference   
 Medium 0.45 0.2–0.9 0.02*
 High 0.46 0.2–0.9 0.01*
Duration of the diagnostic pathway 0.47
 Unknown Reference   
 < 2 years 1.20 0.6–2.4 0.61
 ≥ 2 years 1.43 0.8–2.5 0.22
Number of healthcare providers involveda 0.01*
 0 Reference   
 1 1.66 0.9–3.0 0.09
 2 2.53 1.2–5.3 0.01*
 ≥ 3 3.92 1.4–10.7 <0.01*
Second opinion <0.001*
 No/not mentioned Reference   
 Yes, on the patient’s initiative 5.04 2.3–10.9 <0.001*
 Yes, on the healthcare provider’s initiative 2.11 0.8–5.4 0.12
Experienced delay <0.001*
 No delay Reference   
 Not (clearly) mentioned 1.85 0.7–4.6 0.19
 Yes, caused by the patient 0.84 0.2–4.0 0.83
 Yes, caused by a healthcare provider 38.78 20.0–75.0 <0.001*
 Yes, unknown who caused it 7.14 2.7–19.0 <0.001*
  1. *Statistically significant, P < 0.05
  2. aExcluding GP and neurologist
  3. bExcluding second opinion, initiative unknown