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Table 3 Univariable analysis of factors influencing patient dissatisfaction with the diagnostic pathway of Parkinson’s disease

From: The diagnostic pathway of Parkinson’s disease: a cross-sectional survey study of factors influencing patient dissatisfaction

Variable Patient dissatisfaction n (%) Patient satisfaction/neutral n (%) P value
Sex (n = 902) <0.01*
 Male 74 (13.5%) 476 (86.5%)  
 Female 74 (21.0%) 278 (79.9%)
Level of education (n = 902) 0.22
 Low 49 (19.6%) 201 (80.4%)  
 Medium 40 (14.1%) 244 (85.9%)
 High 59 (16.0%) 309 (84.0%)
Duration of the diagnostic pathway (n = 902) <0.001*
 Unknown 54 (13.3%) 352 (86.7%)  
 < 2 years 28 (12.1%) 204 (87.9%)
 ≥ 2 years 66 (25.0%) 198 (75.0%)
Communication with the general practitioner (n = 77) <0.001*
 Negative 40 (69.0%) 18 (31.0%)  
 Neutral/positive 2 (10.5%) 17 (89.5%)
Communication with the neurologist (n = 78) <0.01*
 Negative 41 (62.1%) 25 (37.9%)  
 Neutral/positive 1 (8.3%) 11 (91.7%)
Number of healthcare providers involved (n = 902)a <0.001*
 0 43 (8.2%) 484 (91.8%)  
 1 52 (21.3%) 192 (78.7%)
 2 31 (34.8%) 58 (65.2%)
 ≥ 3 22 (52.4%) 20 (47.6%)
Second opinion (n = 856)b <0.001*
 No/not mentioned 93 (12.5%) 650 (87.5%)  
 Yes, on the patient’s initiative 29 (45.3%) 35 (54.7%)
 Yes, on the healthcare provider’s initiative 12 (24.5%) 37 (75.5%)
Experienced delay (n = 902) <0.001*
 No delay 15 (3.2%) 454 (96.8%)  
 Not (clearly) mentioned 9 (6.8%) 124 (93.2%)
 Yes, caused by the patient 2 (2.6%) 74 (97.4%)
 Yes, caused by a healthcare provider 111 (61.0%) 71 (39.0%)
 Yes, unknown who caused it 11 (26.2%) 31 (73.8%)
  1. *Statistically significant, P < 0.05
  2. aExcluding GP and neurologist
  3. bExcluding second opinion, initiative unknown