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Table 2 Outcome evaluation of the study base on questionnaire to the health professionals (Additional file 1), record sheet on patient visits (Additional file 2), questionnaire to the patients (Additional file 3) and external partner interview (Additional file 4)

From: Developing physical activity counselling in primary care through participatory action approach

Goals, outcome variables and measures Baseline
%
Follow-up
%
Change in
%-points (95 % CI)
i) To increase know-how of health-related physical activity (PA) and PA counselling
 1. Proportion of professionals responding correctly to ten statements about health-enhancing PA.
  - questionnaire to the health professionalsa 12 24 +12 (−1.6 to 25.6)
 2. Proportion of professionals reporting that they have no deficiencies in the three items describing the know-how of PA recommendations and health benefits of PA.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 27 44 +17 (−0.5 to 34.5)
 3. Proportion of professionals reporting that they have no deficiencies in the four items describing the know-how of PA counselling
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 5 15 +10 (−0.6 to 20.6)
ii) To increase implementation and quality of PA counselling
 4. Proportion of professionals reporting that they give PA advice to at least two thirds of their patients.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 40 38 −2 (−2.0 to −18.7)
 5. Proportion of patient visits, where the professionals had given instructions on PA to the patient.
  - record sheet on patient visitsb 44 38 −6 (−10.4 to −1.6)
 6. Proportion of patients reporting that PA was discussed during the visit to the professional.
  - questionnaire to the patientsc 54 54 0 (−7.1 to 7.1)
 7. Proportion of respondents reporting that the four important PA issues were always discussed during the visit
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 1 4 +3 (−3.2 to 9.2)
  - questionnaire to the patients 7 5 −2 (−5.6 to 1.6)
iii) To increase familiarity with and use of Physical Activity Prescription (PAP)
 8. Proportion of respondents reporting that they know what PAP is.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 56 95 +39 (25.5 to 52.5)
  - questionnaire to the patients 17 21 +4 (−1.9 to 9.9)
  - external partner interviewd 65 70 +5 (−19.5 to 29.5)
 9. Proportion of professionals reporting that they have used PAP in their work.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 5 37 +32 (18.9 to 45.1)
 10. Proportion of professionals reporting that they have used PAP in their work during the past two weeks.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 5 14 +9 (−1.5 to 19.5)
 11. Proportion of visits where the professional had completed PAP.
  - record sheet on patient visits 0 4 +4 (2.7 to 5.3)
 12. Proportion of patients reporting that PAP was completed during the visit.
  - questionnaire to the patients 4 5 +1 (−2.2 to 4.2)
 13. Proportion of respondents reporting that they had an agreement on using PAP in their working unit.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 0 32 +32 (20.3 to 43.7)
  - external partner interview 2 18 +16 (−1.9 to 33.9)
iv) To increase internal and external collaboration in PA counselling
 14. Proportion of professionals reporting that they referred their patients for PA counselling to other health professionals sometimes or always.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 83 80 −3 (−16.6 to 10.6)
 15. Proportion of visits where the professional had used PAP as a referral to other health professional.
  - record sheet on patient visits 0 1 +1 (0.3 to 1.7)
 16. Proportion of professionals reporting that they referred their patients sometimes or always to professionals outside health care in PA issues.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 84 91 +7 (−4.8 to 18.8)
 17. Proportion of external partners reporting that they collaborated with health centre in PA counselling.
  - external partner interview 67 75 +8 (−15.7 to 31.7)
v) To increase the use of electronic patient record systems in PA counselling
 18. Proportion of professionals reporting that they always entered information on PA discussions to the patient record system.
  - questionnaire to the health professionals 37 48 +11 (−5.8 to 27.8)
 19. Proportion of visits where the professionals entered PA issues to the patient record system.
  - record sheet on patient visits 27 25 −2 (−6.0 to 2.0)
  1. Study goals (i, ii, iii, iv, v), outcome variables (1–19) and measures (in italics). Proportions (%) of responses before (baseline) and after the development work (follow-up) and changes in percentage points (%-point) and their 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) from baseline to follow-up
  2. aNumber of respondents: Baseline 75, follow-up 80
  3. bNumber of patient visits: Baseline 1008, follow-up 1000
  4. cNumber of respondents: Baseline 441, follow-up 431
  5. dNumber of respondents: Baseline 48, follow-up 28