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Table 4 Summary of social factors identified, billed and coded

From: Community health center provider ability to identify, treat and account for the social determinants of health: a card study

Indicator Count Provided service Billing code Diagnosis code
Educational limitations 234 104 (44.4 %) 2 (0.9 %) 5 (2.1 %)
Language barrier 176 60 (34.1 %) 3 (1.7 %) 3 (1.7 %)
Family care demands 144 67 (46.5 %) 5 (3.5 %) 34 (23.6 %)
Poverty 141 24 (17.0 %) 1 (0.7 %) 5 (3.5 %)
Unstable work schedule 132 21 (15.9 %) 1 (0.8 %) 2 (1.5 %)
Transportation issues 122 51 (41.8 %) 0 (0.0 %) 0 (0.0 %)
Near poverty 99 17 (17.2 %) 1 (1.0 %) 3 (3.0 %)
Lack of insurancea 86 15 (17.4 %) 0 (0.0 %) 3 (3.5 %)
Homelessnessa 68 3 (4.4 %) 0 (0.0 %) 13 (19.1 %)
Food insecurity 67 40 (59.7 %) 1 (1.5 %) 29 (43.3 %)
Other 67 26 (38.8 %) 2 (3.0 %) 2 (3.0 %)
Immigrant status 66 9 (13.6 %) 0 (0.0 %) 1 (1.5 %)
Cultural beliefs 60 24 (40.0 %) 3 (5.0 %) 2 (3.3 %)
Unstable housinga 55 6 (10.9 %) 0 (0.0 %) 4 (7.3 %)
Neighborhood safety 48 24 (50.0 %) 0 (0.0 %) 2 (4.2 %)
Migrant status 19 2 (10.5 %) 0 (0.0 %) 0 (0.0 %)
Total 1584 493 (31.1 %) 19 (1.2 %) 108 (6.8 %)
  1. Table 4 shows a summary of the SDH factors identified, billed and coded by providers
  2. aThese factors were not included in the California study card