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Table 1 Odds ratios for suicide in patients with a personality disorder (PD) vs. no mental illness and vs. other mental illnesses

From: Suicide risk in primary care patients diagnosed with a personality disorder: a nested case control study

Exposure categories Suicide cases Living controls   
n % n % Odds ratioa (95 % CI)
No mental illness 887 37.2 33,636 71.7 1.00 (Ref.)
Other mental illness (not PD) 1387 58.2 13,027 27.8 4.47 (4.08–4.89)
Personality disorder (PD) 110 4.6 236 0.5 19.79 (15.55–25.18)
Total 2384 100 46,899 100   
PD vs. other mental illness - - - - 4.43 (3.50–5.61)
  1. aOdds ratio estimated by conditional logistic regression, adjusted inherently for age and gender in the matched design