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Table 3 MCSS vs. sterile samples

From: Urine sampling techniques in symptomatic primary-care patients: a diagnostic accuracy review

  1. Detailed legend: Diagnostic accuracy of mid-stream-clean-catch samples vs. urethral catheterization/suprapubic puncture. 95 % confidence intervals in brackets. A cut-off of ≥ 104 cfu/ml has been chosen in the study by Mabeck. TP True positives; TN True negatives; FN False negatives; FP False positives; PPV Positive predictive value; NPV Negative predictive value; SEN Sensitivity; SPE Specificity