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Table 2 Elements of the OPTIMAL Intervention

From: OPTIMAL, an occupational therapy led self-management support programme for people with multimorbidity in primary care: a randomized controlled trial

Breakdown of OPTIMAL Programme OPTIMAL has the following elements:
  1. Weekly group meetings for a six-week period held in local community health centres
  2. Occupational Therapy focus
  3. Peer support
  4. Goal setting and prioritization based on patient preferences
  OT interventions to support patient self-management used in the groups include:
  • Self-management
  • Fatigue and energy management
  • Managing stress and anxiety and maintaining mental health and well-being
  • Keeping physically active
  • Healthy eating
  • Managing medications
  • Effective communication strategies
  • Goal setting
  One of the weekly sessions incorporates education on physical activity delivered by a physiotherapist and another incorporates medicines management, delivered by a pharmacist