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Table 3 Comparisons of means between IBS patients (cases) and non-IBS patients (controls) for the psychosocial indicators of negative- and positive self-esteem and sense of coherence respectively

From: More negative self-esteem and inferior coping strategies among patients diagnosed with IBS compared with patients without IBS - a case–control study in primary care

Psychosocial indicators: IBS cases n = 140 mean (SD) Controls n = 213 mean (SD) p-value
Negative self-esteem 70.7 (52.8) 44.4 (39.0) <0.001
Positive self-esteem 172.6 (47.9) 189.4 (43.7) 0.001
Sense of coherence 60.6 (11.7) 67.4 (9.6) <0.001