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Table 1 Cardiovascular disease risk profile for adults age of 40 and 75 years in 1998 and their profile in 2007

From: Does use of pooled cohort risk score overestimate the use of statin?: a retrospective cohort study in a primary care setting

All adults (N = 847) Year 1998 Year 2007
Mean age - yr 57.2 ± 8.4 67.1 ± 8.4
Age <65 (n, %) 672 (79.3) 340 (40.1)
Age ≥65 (n, %) 175 (20.7) 507 (59.9)
Male sex (n, %) 280 (33.1) 280 (33.1)
Ethnicity (n, %)   
Malay 191 (22.6) 191 (22.6)
Chinese 389 (45.9) 389 (45.9)
Indian 256 (30.2) 256 (30.2)
Others 11 (1.3) 11 (1.3)
Mean BMI 26.5 ± 4.64 26.1 ± 4.7
Low-density lipoprotein ≥190 mg/dl (n, %) 153 (11.5) 14 (1.7)
Cholesterol   
Median total – mg/dl (IQR) 232.0 (208.8-259.1) 189.5 (166.3-216.6)
Median low-density lipoprotein – mg/dl (IQR) 158.2 (133.2-181.0) 113.3 (92.0-136.2)
Median high-density lipoprotein – mg/dl (IQR) 46.4 (38.7-54.1) 48.0 (40.8-56.8)
Mean systolic blood pressure - mmHg 140.4 ± 18.3 135.0 ± 16.6
Mean diastolic blood pressure - mmHg 84.65 ± 10.1 78.8 ± 8.2
Patients on antihypertensive agent (n, %) 503 (59.4) 735 (86.6)
Diabetes mellitus (n, %) 379 (44.7) 508 (60.0)
Mean HbA1c - % 7.73 ± 1.8 7.66 ± 1.6
Current smoking (n, %) 61 (6.0) 61 (6.0)
Mean creatinine - umol/L 79.8 ± 23.7 85.2 ± 40.8
Mean eGFR- ml/min per 1.73 m2 78.1 ± 26.2 (n = 779) 67.8 ± 27.0 (n = 663)
<30 (n, %) 5 (0.6) 32 (3.8)
30-60 (n, %) 179 (21.1) 254 (30.0)
>60 (n, %) 595 (92.0) 377 (44.5)
Use of statins (n, %) 86 (10.2) 576 (67.5)
  1. IQR Interquartile range.