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Table 2 Perceived health status, health-related quality of life, coping strategies, and loneliness.

From: Patients with persistent medically unexplained symptoms in general practice: characteristics and quality of care

  MUPS group Diagnosis group Non-MUPS group p
  N M SD N M SD N M SD  
Psychological distress (GHQ-12)a 191 10.92 5.04 2261 9.58 4.68 7291 9.10 4.47 p < .001c; p < .001d
Health related quality of Life (SF-36)b           
   Physical functioning 192 67.8 30.1 2257 75.4 27.0 7295 84.6 22.6 p < .001c; p < .001d
   Social functioning 192 83.3 31.3 2260 90.2 28.6 7301 95.7 25.0 p < .01c; p < .001d
   Role limitations physical 192 56.1 44.1 2261 68.5 40.8 7301 77.7 36.6 p < .001c; p < .001d
   Role limitations emotional 192 75.9 39.5 2261 86.5 30.2 7302 89.0 27.4 p < .001c; p < .001d
   Mental functioning 192 69.1 20.7 2259 76.7 17.3 7300 79.4 16.2 p < .001c; p < .001d
   Vitality 192 56.3 22.8 2257 64.5 20.3 7290 68.5 19.1 p < .001c; p < .001d
   Pain 192 62.7 29.7 2264 73.0 26.7 7307 79.6 23.9 p < .001c; p < .001d
   General health 192 53.8 22.4 2259 59.8 21.2 7291 67.5 20.3 p < .001c; p < .001d
Chronic diseases 192 1.18 1.19 2265 1.27 1.22 7314 0.77 1.04 p = .39c; p < .001d
Coping style (CISS-21)e           
   Task oriented 188 3.41 0.83 2229 3.46 0.79 7233 3.55 0.76 p = .44c; p < .05d
   Emotion oriented 188 2.49 0.86 2226 2.40 0.81 7233 2.39 0.80 p = .12c; p = .08d
   Avoidance oriented 189 2.42 0.89 2234 2.34 0.91 7247 2.42 0.91 p = .24c; p = .98d
Social isolation/loneliness (UCLA)f 190 8.26 2.58 2253 7.81 2.12 7292 7.57 2.07 p < .05c; p < .001d
  1. a GHQ scores can range from 0 to 36 (according to 0123 coding). b SF-36 scores can range between 0–100. c T-test MUPS versus Diagnosis group.d T-test MUPS versus non-MUPS group. e Scores on the coping scale can range between 1–5. f Scores on the social isolation scale can range between 6–18.