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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyle.

From: Patients with persistent medically unexplained symptoms in general practice: characteristics and quality of care

  MUPS group Diagnosis group Non-MUPS group p
Socio-demographics N n % N n % N n %  
   Male gender 192 64 33.3 2265 858 37.9 7314 3026 41.4 p = .24a; p < .05b
   Mean age (SD) 192 56.3 (17.81) 2265 57.2 (17.2) 7314 49.7 (17.14) p = .49a; p < .001b
   Public health insurance 192 148 77.1 2264 1623 71.7 7308 4958 67.8 p = .13a; p < .01b
   Marital status 192    2263    7308    p = .25a; p < .001b
   Unmarried   28 14.6   284 12.5   1417 19.4  
   Married/living together   115 59.9   1515 66.9   4889 66.9  
   Divorced   15 7.8   135 6.0   385 5.3  
   Widowed   34 17.7   329 14.5   617 8.4  
Immigrant status 170    2041    6518    p = .87a; p = .95b
   Native   153 90.0   1851 90.7   5896 90.5  
   Non-native   17 10.0   190 9.3   622 9.5  
   Educational level 192    2261    7304    p < .01a; p < .001b
   Low   64 33.3   533 23.6   1154 15.8  
   Medium   111 57.8   1395 61.7   4674 64.0  
   HBO/academic   17 8.9   333 14.7   1476 20.2  
Life style           
   Heavy drinking 192 14 7.3 2265 157 6.9 7314 762 10.4 p = .97a; p = .20b
   Smoking 191    2262    7306    p = .39a; p = .22b
   Never   55 28.8   757 33.5   2415 33.1  
   Ever   82 42.9   934 41.3   2694 36.9  
   Currently   54 28.3   571 25.2   2197 30.1  
Insufficient exercise 190 93 48.9 2255 1047 46.4 7295 3069 42.1 p = .55a; p = .07b
Obesity 192 32 16.7 2265 344 15.2 7314 832 11.4 p = .66a; p < .05b
  1. a t-test/chi-square test MUPS versus Diagnosis group.
  2. b t-test/chi-square test MUPS versus non-MUPS group.