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Table 2 CAM recommendation and practice by GPs in Tuscany

From: General practitioners' knowledge and practice of complementary/alternative medicine and its relationship with life-styles: a population-based survey in Italy

  Total
  N % 95% CI
Recommendation    
Frequency of CAM recommendation to patients    
   never 605 42.1 40.5–43.6
   sometimes 803 53.6 52.0–55.1
   often 68 4.3 3.7–4.8
Type of CAM recommended * +    
   Acupuncture 599 69.2 67.3–71.0
   Manipulative therapy 421 47.9 45.8–49.8
   Homeopathy 343 38.1 36.1–39.9
   Phytotherapy 214 23.4 21.8–25.0
   Mesotherapy (unconventional medications) 78 9.1 7.9–10.2
   other 175 19.6 18.0–21.1
Reasons for never recommending CAM to patients ° +    
   lack of evidence of its effectiveness 275 47.6 45.1–50.0
   not enough knowledge of it 211 33.4 31.1–35.6
   fear it may be dangerous if used as replacement of conventional medicine 121 20.3 18.4–22.4
   believing it is useless 113 19.1 17.2–21.1
   fear of potential side effects 23 3.9 3.0–4.9
   no chance 15 2.4 1.7–3.3
Practice    
Frequency of CAM practice    
   never 1231 84.8 83.6–85.8
   in the past only 31 2.2 1.8–2.8
   currently 197 12.9 11.9–13.9
Patterns of practice among current CAM practitioners    
   occasional 122 62.5 58.3–66.4
   regular, as additional activity 73 36.8 32.8–40.9
   regular, as main activity 2 0.7 0.7–0.7
Type of CAM practised by current CAM practitioners +    
   Homeopathy 91 42.7 38.8–46.7
   Phytotherapy 85 41.3 37.3–45.3
   Mesotherapy (with unconventional medications) 57 30.6 26.8–34.7
   Acupuncture 42 23.0 19.4–26.8
   Manipulative therapy 24 13.0 10.3–16.3
   other 64 32.2 28.4–36.1
  1. + More than one option was possible.
  2. * Among physicians reporting to recommend CAM often or sometimes
  3. ° Among physicians who never recommend CAM to their patients