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Table 1 Number of practices, patients' characteristics and grading according to the official Austrian grading system

From: Characteristics and trends in required home care by GPs in Austria: diseases and functional status of patients

Year 1997 2004
Participating practices N = 11 N = 13
Total number of patients N = 198 N = 261
  n (%) n (%)
Sex   
   m 56 (28.3) 79 (30.3)
   f 142 (71.7) 182 (69.7)
Mean age   
   m/f 77.2 (SD 17.5) 79.9 (SD 13.7)
   m* 72.1 (SD 18.2) 76.3 (SD 16.1)
   f* 79.2 (SD 16.8) 81.4 (SD 12.2)
Married 56 (28.3) 76 (29.1)
Divorced 4 (2.0) 19 (7.3)
Widowed 110 (55.6) 139 (53.3)
Single 28 (14.1) 27 (10.3)
Former occupation   
Housewife 81 (40.9) 96 (36.8)
Self-employed 41 (20.7) 46 (17.6)
Employed 62 (31.3) 106 (40.6)
None 14 (7.1) 13 (5.0)
Care provided by †N = 197 †N = 257
Relatives 169 (85.8%) 218 (84.8%)
Professional health care services 28 (14%) 83 (38.1%)
Degrees of the official grading system Number of patients (attached to degree 1–7)
  n (%) n (%)
1+2‡ 43 (24.7) 109 (51.9)
3+4 103 (59.2) 85 (40.5)
5+6+7 28 (16.1) 16 (7.6)
  †174 (100.0) †210(100.0)
  1. *1997 as well as 2004 there was a significant difference in the age between men and women [p = 0.0093 (1997); p = 0.014 (2004)] in the t-test.
  2. †Assessment was not available in all cases of the years 1997 and 2004
  3. ‡Compared with the year 1997 there was a tendency towards more patients in the group of the less severe cases (degree 1+2) in the year 2004 (p < 0.0001) in the official grading system.