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Table 1 Some characteristics of the case vignettes.

From: Heart failure diagnosis in primary health care: clinical characteristics of problematic patients. A clinical judgement analysis study

  Heart failure n = 26 Non-heart failure n = 14
Age, mean and range 77 (56–92) 76 (56–84)
Sex, number of men 11 7
Number of patients with a history of myocardial infarction 10 2
Number of patients with dyspnoea 23 9
Number of patients with atrial fibrillation *) 14 3
Number of patients with leg oedema 9 4
Number of patients with rales 8 4
Number of patients with a systolic blood pressure ≤ 140 mmHg *) 17 4
Number of patients with signs of pulmonary stasis 11 5
Number of patients with cardiac enlargement **) 25 8
Number of patients with cardiac volume >700 ml/m2 **) 15 2
Relative cardiac volume (ml/m2), mean and range ***) 722 (470–940) 529 (350–880)
Echocardiogram: ejection fraction (%), mean and range (not presented as a cue) ***) 37 (20–55) 55 (50–65)
  1. *) p < 0.05 **) p < 0.01 ***) p < 0.001