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Table 1 Anthropometric measurements with categories of BMI and Tanner stages. A group of adults was also used for comparison purpose. Adults with a BMI < 25 were classified as controls, between 25 and 30 as overweight and ≥ 30 as obese. A BMI of 25 and 30 correspond to 85th and 95th percentile respectively.

From: Impact of obesity on glucose and lipid profiles in adolescents at different age groups in relation to adulthood

Tanner's Stage Age (years) BMI(%) WC:AC (ratio) CPR (ratio) STR (Index) SUM
Male       
Tanner I       
   Normal (n = 38) 10.7 ± 0.4 76.7 ± 1.8 2.3 ± 0.05 1.3 ± 0.04 0.7 ± 0.02 51 ± 6
   Overweight (n = 36) 10.8 ± 0.5 87.2 ± 1.0 3.0 ± 0.07 1.7 ± 0.04 0.9 ± 0.02 70 ± 9
   Obese (n = 34) 10.6 ± 0.6 96.7 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 0.07 2.2 ± 0.05 1.3 ± 0.04 86 ± 11
Tanner II       
   Normal (n = 35) 11.9 ± 0.6 76.4 ± 2.0 2.4 ± 0.03 1.2 ± 0.03 0.6 ± 0.02 47 ± 8
   Overweight (n = 32) 11.8 ± 0.6 88.3 ± 1.4 3.1 ± 0.06 1.7 ± 0.05 0.9 ± 0.02 76 ± 8
   Obese (n = 35) 11.8 ± 0.5 97.1 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 0.05 2.3 ± 0.03 1.4 ± 0.03 90 ± 7
Tanner III       
   Normal (n = 39) 13.3 ± 0.7 77.4 ± 2.3 2.4 ± 0.02 1.4 ± 0.04 0.8 ± 0.03 49 ± 8
   Overweight (n = 36) 13.2 ± 0.6 88.9 ± 1.1 3.3 ± 0.07 2.0 ± 0.04 1.3 ± 0.02 85 ± 10
   Obese (n = 36) 13.3 ± 0.5 97.4 ± 0.9 4.2 ± 0.09 2.5 ± 0.05 1.8 ± 0.03 110 ± 9
Tanner IV       
   Normal (n = 33) 13.9 ± 0.5 78.1 ± 3.2 2.5 ± 0.05 1.5 ± 0.03 0.8 ± 0.02 53 ± 8
   Overweight (n = 31) 14.0 ± 0.5 90.0 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 0.08 2.1 ± 0.03 1.4 ± 0.03 88 ± 12
   Obese (n = 33) 13.8 ± 0.6 96.8 ± 0.4 4.1 ± 0.09 2.6 ± 0.05 1.9 ± 0.02 108 ± 11
Tanner V       
   Normal (n = 38) 14.6 ± 0.3 79.5 ± 2.4 2.5 ± 0.04 1.4 ± 0.04 0.7 ± 0.03 54 ± 7
   Overweight (n = 35) 14.6 ± 0.5 87.4 ± 0.8 3.4 ± 0.05 2.1 ± 0.05 1.3 ± 0.02 86 ± 12
   Obese (n = 36) 14.7 ± 0.4 96.6 ± 0.4 3.9 ± 0.08 2.6 ± 0.06 2.0 ± 0.02 115 ± 14
ADULTS       
   Normal (n = 44) 31.2 ± 0.3 22.2 ± 0.5 2.4 ± 0.03 1.4 ± 0.04 0.7 ± 0.02 54 ± 8
   Overweight (n = 43) 30.6 ± 0.6 28.4 ± 0.8 4.1 ± 0.05 2.4 ± 0.06 1.5 ± 0.02 106 ± 12
   Obese (n = 45) 31.5 ± 0.4 33.6 ± 0.4 4.9 ± 0.07 2.9 ± 0.05 2.4 ± 0.02 145 ± 14
Female       
Tanner I       
   Normal (n = 35) 10.3 ± 0.5 76.3 ± 2.8 2.3 ± 0.05 1.2 ± 0.04 0.8 ± 0.01 48 ± 5
   Overweight (n = 30) 10.3 ± 0.6 88.2 ± 1.0 2.9 ± 0.07 1.6 ± 0.04 0.9 ± 0.02 72 ± 8
   Obese (n = 33) 10.2 ± 0.5 96.0 ± 0.3 3.4 ± 0.09 1.9 ± 0.03 1.0 ± 0.03 88 ± 7
Tanner II       
   Normal (n = 31) 11.4 ± 0.6 77.3 ± 2.0 2.4 ± 0.04 1.3 ± 0.04 0.8 ± 0.02 54 ± 9
   Overweight (n = 32) 11.3 ± 0.5 89.1 ± 1.9 3.2 ± 0.06 1.9 ± 0.05 1.2 ± 0.02 78 ± 8
   Obese (n = 29) 11.4 ± 0.7 97.4 ± 0.6 3.7 ± 0.08 2.2 ± 0.04 1.5 ± 0.03 90 ± 9
Tanner III       
   Normal (n = 37) 12.9 ± 1.0 77.6 ± 3.0 2.4 ± 0.04 1.3 ± 0.03 0.8 ± 0.03 55 ± 9
   Overweight (n = 33) 12.8 ± 0.9 91.6 ± 2.0 3.5 ± 0.07 2.2 ± 0.05 1.1 ± 0.04 82 ± 7
   Obese (n = 32) 12.9 ± 0.7 97.5 ± 0.5 4.1 ± 0.07 2.5 ± 0.04 1.5 ± 0.03 105 ± 10
Tanner IV       
   Normal (n = 32) 13.6 ± 0.7 79.1 ± 1.8 2.3 ± 0.06 1.4 ± 0.05 0.9 ± 0.02 49 ± 6
   Overweight (n = 29) 13.7 ± 0.8 90.4 ± 0.7 3.6 ± 0.07 2.3 ± 0.04 1.2 ± 0.04 90 ± 11
   Obese (n = 28) 13.8 ± 0.7 96.8 ± 0.9 4.0 ± 0.06 2.5 ± 0.05 1.5 ± 0.03 108 ± 9
Tanner V       
   Normal (n = 33) 14.7 ± 0.7 79.3 ± 2.5 2.4 ± 0.07 1.3 ± 0.03 1.0 ± 0.03 49 ± 6
   Overweight (n = 34) 14.6 ± 0.8 89.9 ± 2.0 3.6 ± 0.06 2.2 ± 0.04 1.3 ± 0.03 92 ± 9
   Obese (n = 34) 14.7 ± 0.7 97.0 ± 0.4 3.9 ± 0.06 2.5 ± 0.04 1.6 ± 0.03 107 ± 8
ADULTS       
   Normal (n = 40) 33.4 ± 0.3 22.2 ± 0.4 2.4 ± 0.02 1.3 ± 0.03 0.7 ± 0.01 54 ± 5
   Overweight (n = 42) 31.2 ± 0.5 27.8 ± 0.6 4.3 ± 0.05 2.7 ± 0.05 1.4 ± 0.02 116 ± 16
   Obese (n = 40) 33.5 ± 0.5 32.6 ± 0.5 4.7 ± 0.07 3.0 ± 0.06 2.6 ± 0.03 150 ± 17
  1. The results are expressed as means ± SD. P < 0.01 Normal vs overweight and P < 0.001 Normal vs Obese for either male and female. There is no differences between males and females for the variables measured WC:AC: waist to arm circumference. CPR: subscapular skinfold + suprailliac skinfold) / (triceps skinfold+ thigh skinfold), STR: ratio of subscapular to triceps skinfold, SUM:triceps, subscapular, suprailliac and thigh skinfolds in the total sample.