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Table 2 Details on drugs prescribed

From: Patient presentation and physician management of upper respiratory tract infections: a retrospective review of over 5 million primary clinic consultations in Hong Kong

 

Year of attendance

 
 

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

 

Mean number of drugs

3.1

3.1

3.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

 

Number of drug items per prescription

       

0

2.7%

2.7%

2.3%

1.3%

1.3%

1.1%

 

1

5.7%

5.5%

5.1%

5.1%

5.5%

5.0%

 

2

21.2%

20.4%

19.6%

19.7%

19.8%

18.3%

 

3

34.6%

33.8%

33.3%

33.0%

32.4%

32.1%

 

4

27.8%

28.5%

29.7%

30.9%

31.0%

33.0%

 

>4

8.1%

9.2%

10.0%

10.0%

10.0%

10.5%

 

Proportion of prescriptions containing

   

 Current evidence

Analgesics

       

Paracetamol

58.3%

60.1%

59.8%

59.1%

58.7%

58.9%

 May reduce fever

NSAIDs

3.0%

3.6%

4.2%

4.3%

4.5%

4.9%

 May reduce pain

COX-II inhibitors

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

 No evidence

Antibiotics

8.1%

8.1%

6.8%

4.9%

4.4%

5.1%

 

Antihistamines

       

Sedating

81.1%

80.1%

82.3%

82.4%

80.8%

79.9%

 Ineffective

Non-sedating

0.5%

0.3%

0.3%

0.3%

0.6%

1.2%

 

Cough syrup

       

Expectorant

36.8%

35.6%

36.3%

36.3%

34.0%

33.8%

 Not recommended in children

Codeine

7.1%

6.9%

6.7%

6.5%

6.6%

6.3%

 Limited evidence

Mucolytic

20.9%

22.2%

23.0%

24.0%

24.0%

25.0%

 May reduce symptoms

Oral α-agonist

0.6%

0.4%

0.3%

0.2%

0.2%

0.2%

 Modest effect in adults

Oral β-agonist

4.4%

4.7%

4.2%

4.1%

3.7%

4.1%

 No evidence

Theophylline

1.1%

1.0%

1.0%

0.9%

0.8%

0.9%

 No evidence

Others

       

Throat lozenges

34.7%

34.9%

35.6%

37.5%

39.9%

40.4%

 No evidence

Lysozyme

10.6%

11.8%

13.8%

14.5%

14.9%

15.6%

 No evidence

Neozep

0.6%

0.3%

0.3%

0.2%

0.0%

0.1%