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Table 3 Univariate associations (odds ratio and their 95% CI) between GPs (n = 399) characteristics and adherence to Indonesian type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) guideline recommendations

From: Awareness, agreement, adoption and adherence to type 2 diabetes mellitus guidelines: a survey of Indonesian primary care physicians

  Diagnosis Lifestyle modification Sulfonylurea for treatment Blood glucose target Blood pressure target Statin prescription
Adherent participants: n (%) 67 (45) 145 (36) 111 (37) 61 (21) 113 (28) 118 (34)
Characteristics       
Years of practice       
  16 – 45*       
  0 – 15 1.2 (0.8-1.7)b 1.4 (0.9-2.2)c 0.8 (0.6-1.3)b 0.8 (0.5-1.3)c 1.0 (0.7-1.6)c 0.7 (0.5-1.1)c
Gender       
  Female*       
  Male 1.1 (0.7-1.7)a 0.7 (0.5-1.2)b 1.3 (0.8-2.0)a 0.8 (0.5-1.4)b 0.8 (0.5-1.3)b 1.0 (0.6-1.6)b
Practice type       
  Non solo practice*       
  Solo practice 0.8 (0.6-1.2)a 0.7 (0.5-1.1)c 0.9 (0.6-1.3)b 1.0 (0.6-1.7)c 1.2 (0.8-1.9)c 1.0 (0.6-1.4)b
Practice location       
  Outside Jakarta*       
  Jakarta 0.9 (0.6-1.4)c 1.5 (1.0-2.3)d 1.0 (0.6-1.6)c 0.8 (0.5-1.4)d 1.1 (0.7-1.7)d 1.1 (0.7-1.7)d
DM training       
  No*       
  Yes 1.1 (0.7-1.7)b 1.3 (0.8-2.0)d 1.2 (0.8-1.9)c 1.0 (0.6-1.7)d 1.0 (0.6-1.6)d 1.1 (0.7-1.7)d
Proportion DM patients       
  10% and above*       
  <10% 1.0 (0.7-1.5)b 0.8 (0.5-1.2)c 0.9 (0.6-1.4)b 1.5 (0.9-2.5)c 1.1 (0.7-1.8)c 0.7 (0.5-1.1)c
  1. Missing data: a:0- < 5%, b:5-10%, c:>10-15%, d:>15-19%.
  2. *reference.
  3. Adherence to screening was not included in the univariate analysis since the number of events were too small (seven events).
  4. • Life-style modification: years of practice, practice type, practice location.
  5. Associations which have p value <0.2,
  6. • Life-style modification: years of practice, practice type, practice location.
  7. • Blood glucose target: proportion of diabetes patients.
  8. • Statin: years of practice, proportion of diabetes patients.
  9. • Diagnosis, sulfonylurea for treatment and blood pressure target: none.