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Table 2 Correlations among health literacy and patient–physician communication

From: Impact of communicative and critical health literacy on understanding of diabetes care and self-efficacy in diabetes management: a cross-sectional study of primary care in Japan

   Correlation coefficients
  Mean ± SD Functional HL Communicative HL Critical HL Clarity of the physician’s explanation
HL      
 Functional HL 3.36 ± 0.58 1 0.074 −0.048 0.035
 Communicative HL 2.65 ± 0.68   1 0.752† 0.231†
 Critical HL 2.28 ± 0.59    1 0.055
Clarity of the physician’s explanation 5.72 ± 1.04     1
  1. Pearson’s correlation coefficients are shown. *p < 0.05; †p < 0.01. The score range was 1–4 for HL and 1–7 for the clarity of the physician’s explanation.
  2. HL: health literacy.