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Table 2 Results of the multivariate analysis (Poisson regression) 2003 and 2007 and the relative changes between 2007/2003 for the selected health outcomes

From: Primary health care contribution to improve health outcomes in Bogota-Colombia: a longitudinal ecological analysis

Variables 2003 2007 Relative change 2007/2003
  RR‡ [95% CI] RR‡ [95% CI] RR‡ [95% CI]
Under-5 mortality rate   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 0.915 0.773 1.084 0.879 0.765 1.011 0.862* 0.780 0.953
Infant Mortality rate   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 1.067 0.892 1.277 0.951 0.819 1.104 0.968 0.870 1.078
Infant Mortality rate by ADD   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 1.367 0.272 6.866 2.052 0.290 14.50 1.078 0.353 3.294
Infant Mortality rate by pneumonia   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 0.957 0.474 1.932 0.629 0.314 1.262 0.625* 0.400 0.976
Acute malnutrition in children under −5 years   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 0.866* 0.795 0.944 0.723* 0.662 0.790 0.945 0.894 1.000
Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 0.954 0.903 1.007 0.961 0.921 1.003 0.968 0.935 1.004
Vaccination coverage for DPT   
Low coverage 1    1    1   
High coverage 0.879* 0.859 0.900 1.05* 1.030 1.072 1.049* 1.034 1.063
  1. * Difference between low and high coverage statistically significant (p < 0.005).
  2. ‡ After adjusting for QLI, insurance coverage and sewerage coverage.