Skip to main content

Table 3 The effects of the lifestyle intervention compared with the control condition at months 7-12 of follow-up.

From: Effect of lifestyle intervention for people with diabetes or prediabetes in real-world primary care: propensity score analysis

Outcome variables Means in
Intervention
group (SD)
Means in
Control
group (SD)
n Matched
Intervention†
Adjusted effect of
Intervention
(95% CI)‡
Adjusted
P-value
BMI (kg/m2)    134   
Baseline 30.36 (4.93) 29.54 (5.08)    
7-12 months 30.29 (5.08) 29.51 (5.18)   0.27 (-0.60 to 1.14) 0.56
Exercise level (1-4)*    107   
Baseline 2.48 (0.60) 2.48 (0.71)    
7-12 months 2.22 (0.86) 2.27 (0.81)   -0.14 (-0.27 to 0.01) 0.12
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)    170   
Baseline 7.21 (1.36) 7.28 (2.05)    
7-12 months 7.07 (1.25) 7.17 (1.67)   0.08 (-0.11 to 0.26) 0.48
HbA1c (%)    94   
Baseline 6.73 (0.92) 6.66 (0.97)    
7-12 months 6.72 (0.83) 6.74 (0.90)   -0.10 (-0.23 to 0.03) 0.26
Blood pressure      
Systolic (mmHg)    166   
Baseline 138.98 (16.64) 143.68 (17.41)    
7-12 months 139.47 (16.55) 142.58 (17.47)   -1.49 (-4.04 to 1.05) 0.73
Diastolic (mmHg)    165   
Baseline 79.88 (8.31) 79.39 (8.79)    
7-12 months 78.71 (8.18) 78.53 (9.20)   -0.58 (-1.82 to 0.66) 0.40
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)    97   
Baseline 4.54 (0.94) 4.56 (1.00)    
7-12 months 4.56 (1.12) 4.52 (1.01)   -0.02 (-0.18 to 0.14) 0.87
LDL (mmol/l)    97   
Baseline 2.80 (0.76) 2.85 (1.04)    
7-12 months 2.74 (0.92) 2.72 (0.85)   0.10 (-0.04 to 0.23) 0.34
HDL (mmol/l)    97   
Baseline 1.16 (0.29) 1.16 (0.28)    
7-12 months 1.18 (0.28) 1.18 (0.29)   0.00 (-0.05 to 0.05) 0.96
Triglycerides (mmol/l)    97   
Baseline 1.73 (0.98) 1.63 (0.95)    
7-12 months 1.83 (0.95) 1.76 (1.48)   -0.20 (-0.37 to 0.03) 0.11
  1. † Number of patients from the intervention group matched with patients in the control group. The numbers for this analysis are lower due to the fact that we did not have the necessary data for all participants in this shorter time frame.
  2. ‡ The adjusted effect of the intervention after the matching procedure.
  3. * Exercise level: 1 = sedentary lifestyle; 2 = activities of daily living; 3 = exercising at least half an hour for five or more days a week (NNGB); 4 = more active than NNGB.