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Table 1 Covariates of the study participants at baseline used for matching.

From: Effect of lifestyle intervention for people with diabetes or prediabetes in real-world primary care: propensity score analysis

Characteristics Intervention group Control group P-value
n 186 2632  
Age (years) 62.93 ± 11.85 66.97 ± 12.56 0.00*
Sex male
Sex female
44.1%
55.9%
47.5%
52.5%
0.37
Socio-economic status ** 2.69 ± 0.79 2.75 ± 1.02 0.46
Married 59.7% 46.7% 0.00*
Diabetes mellitus type 2 84.9% 81.0% 0.18
Prediabetes 15.1% 19.0% 0.18
Asthma 5.9% 5.1% 0.64
Cancer 12.9% 13.3% 0.88
Cardiovascular disease 22.0% 32.0% 0.01*
Cerebral ischemia 5.4% 9.0% 0.09
COPD 1.1% 7.6% 0.00*
Depression 9.1% 7.6% 0.45
Hypertension 48.4% 50.6% 0.55
Locomotor system complaints 43.5% 37.7% 0.11
Lipid metabolism disorder 26.3% 21.7% 0.14
Neurologic disorder 7.5% 8.8% 0.55
Psychic disorder 10.2% 8.4% 0.40
Smoking 5.9% 5.1% 0.64
  1. Data are means ± SD or frequencies (%).
  2. * Groups differed significantly (P < 0.05).
  3. ** Socio-economic status based on postal code of patient on a scale of 1-4 (1 = -2 to -1 SD compared to total population of SGE, 2 = -1 to 0 SD compared to total population, 3 = 0 to +1 SD compared to total population, 4 = +1 to +2 SD compared to total population) [23].
  4. Based on ICPC-codes.