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Table 2 Differences between respondents with and without referral to mental health care

From: Referral of patients with depression to mental health care by Dutch general practitioners: an observational study

  No referral Referred Total OR
(95% CI)
p-value
N (%) 145 (42.2%) 199 (57.8%) 344(100%) N/A N/A
Stopped two or more antidepressants 10 (6.9%) 23 (11.6%) 33 (9.6%) 1.76 (0.81 - 3.83) 0.147
Perceived need for (more) psychotherapy/counselling 59 (40.7%) 118 (59.3%) 177 (51.5%) 2.12 (1.37 - 3.28) 0.001
Perceived need for (more) treatment other than psychotherapy/counselling 81 (55.9%) 110 (55.3%) 191 (55.5%) 0.98 (0.64 - 1.50) 0.914
More than 12 months with depression in past two years 31 (21.4%) 63 (31.7%) 94 (27.3%) 1.70 (1.04 - 2.80) 0.035
Suicidal ideations past week or suicide attempt ever 35 (24.5%) 79 (39.7%) 114 (33.3%) 2.03 (1.26 - 3.27) 0.003
Age* 47.10 (11.93) 44.32 (11.48) 45.49 (11.74) N/A 0.031
Gender, male 38 (26.2%) 65 (32.7%) 103 (29.9%) 0.73 (0.46 - 1.18) 0.197
Chronic diseases 102 (70.3%) 127 (63.8%) 229 (66.6%) 0.74 (0.47 - 1.18) 0.205
Comorbid anxiety disorder past year 89 (61.4%) 128 (64.3%) 217 (63.1%) 1.13 (0.73 - 1.77) 0.577
Years of experience as a GP* 18.21 (10.49) 19.89 (9.88) 19.18 (10.16) N/A 0.133
Special interest in depression 40 (29.9%) 52 (27.8%) 92 (28.7%) 0.91 (0.56 - 1.48) 0.690
Presence of mental health professional in GP practice 101 (69.7%) 147 (73.9%) 248 (72.1%) 1.23 (0.77 - 1.98) 0.390
  1. N = absolute number of respondents; (%) = percentage within variable referral; OR = Odds Ratio; (95% CI) = 95% Confidence Interval for Odds ratio, p-value is from chi-square test
  2. * Numbers are mean (standard deviation), p-value is from independent samples t-test