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Table 1 Characteristics of the eight guidelines included in the present study.

From: Guidelines on acute gastroenteritis in children: a critical appraisal of their quality and applicability in primary care

Author/Organisation Country of development Year of publication Intended users Level of evidence stated? GP in development team? No. of key recommendations No. of recommendations on diagnosis and management No. of recommendations (partly) based on evidence
Armon, Stephenson, MacFaul 2001
(ARM) [34]
UK 2001 Hospital care Yes* No 9 13 8
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) [25]
USA 2003 Not stated Not stated No Not stated 35 14
European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases
(ESP) [37]
Europe 2008 All levels of care Yes* No 10 74 47
Canadian Paediatric Society
(CPS) [30]
Canada 2006 Not stated Yes¥ No 9 17 11
World Gastroenterology Organisation
(WGO) [32]
Worldwide 2008 All levels of care Not stated No Not stated 21 Not stated
Nederlands huisartsengenootschap
(NHG) [31]
The Netherlands 2007 General practitioners Not stated Yes Not stated 21 15
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
(CCH) [21]
USA 2006 Hospital care Yes± No 17 26 22
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
(NICE) [33]
United Kingdom 2009 All levels of care Yes§ Yes 8 35 21
  1. * Muir-Gray system[19]
  2. ¥ System created by the Canadian Taskforce on preventive health [20]
  3. ± CCHMC evidence grading scale [21]
  4. § Scottish guideline development group system [22].