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  1. In a cohort of primary health care users across Kosovo (KOSCO cohort), high rates and poor control  of diabetes and hypertension were observed. These conditions can be prevented and better controlled by adapti...

    Authors: Ariana Bytyci Katanolli, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Katrina Ann Obas, Jana Gerold, Manfred Zahorka, Naim Jerliu, Qamile Ramadani, Nicu Fota and Sonja Merten
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:257
  2. Criteria to select residents most likely to succeed, other than proficiency of their medical knowledge, is a challenge facing preceptors. International Medical Graduates (IMGs) play an integral role in mitigat...

    Authors: Alasdair Nazerali-Maitland, Laura Nimmon and Christina Douglas
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:256
  3. Most COVID-19 patients with severe symptoms are treated in hospitals. General practices are responsible for assessing most ambulatory patients. However, they face several challenges managing COVID-19 patients,...

    Authors: Mariell Hoffmann, Sandra Stengel, Joachim Szecsenyi and Frank Peters-Klimm
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:254
  4. The COVID-19 pandemic began to affect the world in early 2020. As a preventive measure, schools in the UAE adopted remote learning. This study aimed to assess the effects of the lockdown and remote learning on...

    Authors: Najla Hussain Sajwani, Ahmed Qawas, Nouf Al Ali, Fatma Hussain Sajwani, Asma Hamed Alrustamani, Shamma Al Maamari, Shereena K. Al Mazrouei, Budoor Al Shehhi, Hussain Al Rand and Asma Mahmoud Fikri
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:253
  5. General practitioners (GPs) are the central coordinators for patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy in most health care systems. They are entrusted with the challenging task of deprescribing when inappr...

    Authors: Matthias Michiels-Corsten, Navina Gerlach, Ulrike Junius-Walker, Tanja Schleef, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff and Annika Viniol
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:252
  6. There is little evidence to show what scope of practice (SOP) means from the point of view of family physicians, how family physicians think about their SOP as it changes over time, or what factors shape and i...

    Authors: Sophia M. Myles, Elizabeth F. Wenghofer, Rachel H. Ellaway and Michael T. Yeo
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:251
  7. Many women face a variety of barriers to seeing obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs). Primary care physicians (PCPs) in Japan are not well equipped to address and adequately handle women’s health issues. ...

    Authors: Keiichiro Narumoto, Kei Miyazaki, Machiko Inoue, Makoto Kaneko, Tadao Okada and Motoi Sugimura
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:250
  8. China is rapidly expanding its general practitioner (GP) workforce as part of recent healthcare reform, with an extra 400,000 GPs by 2030. This scoping review identifies the published strategies for GP recruit...

    Authors: Shiwei Chen, Xin Hui Sam, Aijia Soong, Lorainne Tudor Car, Siqing Lian and Helen E. Smith
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:249
  9. Difficulty to recognize inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) in a primary care setting leads to late referral to secondary care. An evidence-based digital referral algorithm can support early referral, yet im...

    Authors: Elke van Delft, Ruben Bos, Patricia Pennings, Mieke Hazes, Deirisa Lopes Barreto and Angelique Weel-Koenders
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:248
  10. Unnecessary drug use can cause avoidable harm to older adults and is particularly common in primary care, but how primary care physicians (PCPs) respond to older adult requests for unnecessary drugs has not be...

    Authors: Zhijie Xu, Yiting Lu, Xujian Liang, Yuanqu Ye, Yang Wang, Zhiling Deng, Yuanyuan Xu, Lizheng Fang and Yi Qian
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:247
  11. While quitting smoking dramatically decreases overall mortality, general practitioners (GPs) are less likely to prescribe medications for smoking cessation than other cardiovascular risk factors. Guidelines re...

    Authors: Christina Hempel-Bruder, Inès Habfast-Robertson, Marie-Anne Durand, Ivan Berlin, Joachim Marti, Yasser Khazaal, Carlos Quinto, Mohamed Faouzi and Kevin Selby
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:246
  12. The COVID-19 pandemic caused widespread changes to healthcare, but few studies focus on ambulatory care during the early phase of the pandemic. We characterize veterans’ ambulatory care experience, specificall...

    Authors: Brice Thomas, Aanchal Thadani, Patricia V. Chen, Israel C. Christie, Lisa M. Kern, Mangala Rajan, Himabindu Kadiyala and Drew A. Helmer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:245
  13. Population ageing and community care on older adults, as well as the marked social inequalities in health, have received growing concern by the government and the community. This study evaluated the medico-soc...

    Authors: Siu-Ming Chan, Gary Ka-Ki Chung, Michelle Ho-Wing Kwan and Jean Woo
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:244
  14. General Practitioners’ (GPs) professional empathy has been hypothesized to have substantial impact on their healthcare delivery and medication prescribing patterns. This study compares profiles of personal, pr...

    Authors: Troels Kristensen, Charlotte Ejersted, Peder Ahnfeldt-Mollerup, Jens Søndergaard and Justin A. Charles
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:243
  15. Dementia is a major international health issue with high impact on the patient, relatives, and broader society. Routine screening for dementia is limited, despite known benefit of early detection and intervent...

    Authors: Rebecca Disler, Amy Pascoe, Holly Anderson, Ewa Piejko, Adel Asaid and Peter Disler
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:242
  16. Patients with diabetes who have poor health literacy about the disease may exhibit poor compliance and thus subsequently experience more complications. However, the conceptual gap of diabetes between health pr...

    Authors: Ru-Hsueh Wang, Yu-Wen Hong, Chia-Chun Li, Siao-Ling Li, Jenn-Long Liu, Chih-Hsing Wu and Ching-Ju Chiu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:241
  17. Guidelines worldwide recommend that physicians should not treat their family members. However, studies in the U.S. have shown that approximately 74–83% of physicians have experience of treating family members....

    Authors: Taku Matsunaga, Makoto Kaneko, Michael D. Fetters and Machiko Inoue
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:240
  18. Medication use assessment has a critical role in promoting the effective and rational use of pharmaceutical medications. There are no studies that have explored the utilization of all medications in England an...

    Authors: Abdallah Y. Naser, Hassan Alwafi, Tamara Al-Daghastani, Sara Ibrahim Hemmo, Hamzeh Mohammad Alrawashdeh, Zahraa Jalal, Vibhu Paudyal, Nawras Alyamani, Murouj Almaghrabi and Ahmad Shamieh
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:239
  19. Having a regular family physician is associated with many benefits. Formal attachment – an administrative patient-family physician agreement – is a popular feature in primary care, intended to improve access t...

    Authors: Mélanie Ann Smithman, Jeannie Haggerty, Isabelle Gaboury and Mylaine Breton
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:238
  20. Medication treatment can reduce morbidity but can also cause drug-related problems (DRPs). One method to identify and solve DRPs is medication reviews (MRs) that are aimed at increased patient safety and quali...

    Authors: Katarina Wickman, Annika Dobszai, Sara Modig, Beata Borgström Bolmsjö, Gabriella Caleres and Cecilia Lenander
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:237
  21. This paper reports on the cost-effectiveness evaluation of Link-me – a digitally supported, systematic approach to triaging care for depression and anxiety in primary care that uses a patient-completed Decisio...

    Authors: Mary Lou Chatterton, Meredith Harris, Philip Burgess, Susan Fletcher, Matthew J. Spittal, Jan Faller, Victoria J. Palmer, Patty Chondros, Bridget Bassilios, Jane Pirkis, Jane Gunn and Cathrine Mihalopoulos
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:236
  22. Anxiety problems are common in both children and adolescents, and many affected children do not receive appropriate treatment. Understaffing of mental healthcare services and long waiting lists form major barr...

    Authors: Lukas B. M. Koet, Jessie J. M. Bennenbroek, Annouk Y. S. Bruggeman, Evelien I. T. de Schepper, Arthur M. Bohnen, Patrick J. E. Bindels and Heike Gerger
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:235
  23. While patients’ preferences in primary care have been examined in numerous conjoint analyses, there has been little systematic effort to synthesise the findings. This review aimed to identify, to organise and ...

    Authors: Audrey Huili Lim, Sock Wen Ng, Xin Rou Teh, Su Miin Ong, Sheamini Sivasampu and Ka Keat Lim
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:234
  24. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and arterial stiffness (AS) may be hypertension-mediated vascular lesions. Both are determined by an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) and are predictors of cardiovascular d...

    Authors: Ana María Armas-Padrón, Miriam Sicilia-Sosvilla, Sergio Rodríguez-Bello, María Dolores López-Carmona, Pedro Ruiz-Esteban and Domingo Hernández
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:232
  25. It is not realistic for most clinicians to perform the multitude of recommended preventive primary care services. This is especially true in low resource and rural settings, creating challenges to delivering h...

    Authors: Michaela Brtnikova, Jamie L. Studts, Elise Robertson, L. Miriam Dickinson, Jennifer K. Carroll, Alex H. Krist, John T. Cronin and Russell E. Glasgow
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:231
  26. The significance of the role of receptionists during the recent shift to remote triage has been widely recognised and they will have a significant role to play in UK general practice as it continues to cope wi...

    Authors: Ian Litchfield, Michael Burrows, Nicola Gale and Sheila Greenfield
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:230
  27. The project "Ulcus Cruris Care" aims to improve primary care for patients with venous leg ulcer (VLU) in General Practitioner (GP) practices using a complex intervention comprised of educational components, st...

    Authors: Regina Poß-Doering, Carolin Anders, Thomas Fleischhauer, Joachim Szecsenyi and Jonas.D. Senft
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:229
  28. Family doctor service (FDS) is a scheme oriented to improving the access and continuity of primary care in China. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) management is a core component of FDS. However, evidence on the...

    Authors: Feiyue Wang, Yun Wei, Meirong Wang, Zhaolu Pan, Guanghui Jin and Xiaoqin Lu
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:228
  29. To study the factors associated with the intention of primary care professionals (PCPs) to use or not use a referral aid (RA) for selecting an evidence-based smoking cessation intervention (EBSCI).

    Authors: Daniëlle N Zijlstra, Catherine AW Bolman, Jean WM Muris and Hein de Vries
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:227
  30. Easy access to palliative care is one of the basic needs of cancer patients, and this can be achieved by providing such services at the community level. One approach to provide community-based palliative care ...

    Authors: Suzanne Hojjat-Assari, Maryam Rassouli, Vahid Kaveh and Heshmatolah Heydari
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:226
  31. Ukrainian Family Doctors' knowledge and readiness for the implementation of new guidelines recommendations into practice has to be evaluated and taken into consideration, meanwhile they often use the old proto...

    Authors: I. Shushman, A. Kolesnyk, P. Kolesnyk, G. Kuodza, I. Mykyta, S. Bayen and T. Frese
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:225
  32. To optimize antibiotic treatment and decrease antibiotic resistance, national treatment guidelines are available for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in general practice. The usefulness of these guidelines in r...

    Authors: A. A. van Driel, M. Mulder, E. E. Stobberingh and A. Verbon
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:224
  33. Health literacy is defined as a person's ability to find, understand, and use health-related information when making health-related decisions. Patients with lower health literacy more frequently face difficult...

    Authors: Kristina Šulinskaitė, Daiva Zagurskienė and Aurelija Blaževičienė
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:223
  34. Assessment tools are commonly used in different fields of health to assist in the diagnosis, the evaluation of the response to treatment, the measurement of quality of life and the establishment of the prognosis.

    Authors: Camila Fernandes Pollo, Silmara Meneguin, Hélio Amante Miot and César de Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:222
  35. In recent years, healthcare has faced many different crises around the world such as HIV-, Ebola- or H1N1-outbrakes, opioid addiction, natural disasters and terrorism attacks). In particular, the current pande...

    Authors: Nicola Litke, Aline Weis, Jan Koetsenruijter, Valeska Fehrer, Martina Koeppen, Stephanie Kuemmel, Joachim Szecsenyi and Michel Wensing
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:221
  36. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are chronic illnesses where adherence to a healthy lifestyle is crucial. If organisational and cultural factors are well managed, Peer support programs (...

    Authors: K. Majjouti, L. Küppers, A. Thielmann, M. Redaélli, F. Vitinius, C. Funke, I. van der Arend, L. Pilic, M. Hessbrügge, S. Stock, B. Weltermann and D. Wild
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:220
  37. Several methods are used for hearing loss screening; however, their benefits are uncertain. In this study, we aimed to determine the predictive factors of acute sensorineural hearing loss for clinical applicat...

    Authors: Toru Miwa, Tomoya Yamaguchi, Shin-ichiro Kita, Kazuto Osaka, Rie Kanai, Toshiki Maetani and Shin-ichi Kanemaru
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:219
  38. Work-life balance (WLB) is associated with a variety of health-related outcomes in the general population. Since General Practitioners (GPs) play a fundamental role in the health system, we wanted to analyze t...

    Authors: Erik Bodendieck, Franziska U. Jung, Ines Conrad, Steffi G. Riedel-Heller and Felix S. Hussenoeder
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:218
  39. General practice is a generalist discipline fraught with complexity. For inexperienced physicians, it may be demanding to get to grips with the clinical challenges. The purpose of this article is to describe p...

    Authors: Tor Magne Johnsen, Børge Lønnebakke Norberg, Frode Helgetun Krogh, Hanne Dahl Vonen, Linn Okkenhaug Getz and Bjarne Austad
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:216
  40. In 2018, the concept of clusters was introduced as a new model for data-driven quality improvement in general practice in Denmark. However, there is little research on the development and implementation of gen...

    Authors: Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Thorbjørn Hougaard Mikkelsen, Maria Bundgaard, Marie Henriette Madsen, Morten Bonde Klausen, Mads Toft Kristensen, Pia Kürstein Kjellberg and Jens Søndergaard
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:215
  41. To assess baseline characteristics, drug utilisation and healthcare use for oral anticoagulants (OACs) following the introduction of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants among patients with atrial fibr...

    Authors: Sigrun Halvorsen, Jørgen Anton Smith, Fabian Söderdahl, Marcus Thuresson, Oddvar Solli, Maria Ulvestad and Christian Jonasson
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:214
  42. Patient numbers in emergency departments are on the rise. The DEMAND intervention aims to improve the efficacy of emergency services by computer-assisted structured initial assessment assigning patients to eme...

    Authors: Ingmar Schäfer, Agata Menzel, Tobias Herrmann, Jan Hendrik Oltrogge, Dagmar Lühmann and Martin Scherer
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:213
  43. Primary health care system plays a central role in caring for persons with diabetes. Thai National Health Examination Survey (NHES) reports that only 40% of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) achiev...

    Authors: Thanapat Puangpet, Tanyaporn Pongkunakorn, Nahathai Chulkarat, Chutikan Bunlangjit, Apinya Surawit, Bonggochpass Pinsawas, Pichanun Mongkolsucharitkul and Korapat Mayurasakorn
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:212
  44. In Germany, 19.1% of boys and 14.5% of girls are affected by mental health problems (MHP). Paediatricians are usually the first in line to be contacted but they often do not feel adequately trained to diagnose...

    Authors: Siona Decke, Karina Hamacher, Martin Lang, Otto Laub, Lars Schwettmann, Ralf Strobl and Eva Grill
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:211
  45. Dabigatran is a direct thrombin inhibitor used to treat cardiac arrhythmias, and rates of non-adherence to dabigatran in Polish populations are high. The current study examined how a pharmacist-led interventio...

    Authors: Piotr Merks, Jameason D. Cameron, Marcin Balcerzak, Urszula Religioni, Damian Świeczkowski, Mikołaj Konstanty, Dagmara Hering, Filip M. Szymański, Milosz Jaguszewski and Régis Vaillancourt
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:210
  46. The high prevalence of diabetes and the importance of long-term follow-up of these patients encourage finding an inexpensive and applicable educational method to control the disease. Distance education based o...

    Authors: Hourvash Haghighinejad, Leila Liaghat, Fatemeh Malekpour, Peyman Jafari, Kaveh Taghipour, Mehrdad Rezaie, Parisa Jooya, Hamidreza Ghazipoor and Mani Ramzi
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:209
  47. Obesity is a chronic disease with increasing prevalence. We aimed to explore primary care physicians’ knowledge and attitudes about obesity and how knowledge and attitudes are associated with confidence and a...

    Authors: Daniel Carrasco, Hans Thulesius, Ulf Jakobsson and Ensieh Memarian
    Citation: BMC Primary Care 2022 23:208

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